HSF

Description

Wu (1995): Organisms respond to elevated temperatures and to chemical and physiological stresses by an increase in the synthesis of heat shock proteins. The regulation of heat shock gene expression in eukaryotes is mediated by the conserved heat shock transcription factor (HSF). HSF is present in a latent state under normal conditions; it is activated upon heat stress by induction of trimerization and high-affinity binding to DNA and by exposure of domains for transcriptional activity. Analysis of HSF cDNA clones from many species has defined structural and regulatory regions responsible for the inducible activities. The heat stress signal is thought to be transduced to HSF by changes in the physical environment, in the activity of HSF-modifying enzymes, or by changes in the intracellular level of heat shock proteins.

References:


1) Baniwal, SK; Bharti, K; Chan, KY; Fauth, M; Ganguli, A; Kotak, S; Mishra, SK; Nover, L; Port, M; Scharf, KD; Tripp, J; Weber, C; Zielinski, D; von Koskull-Döring, P. 2004. Heat stress response in plants: a complex game with chaperones and more than twenty heat stress transcription factors. J. Biosci. 29(4):471-87 PubMed
2) Fujita, A; Kikuchi, Y; Kuhara, S; Misumi, Y; Matsumoto, S; Kobayashi, H. 1989. Domains of the SFL1 protein of yeasts are homologous to Myc oncoproteins or yeast heat-shock transcription factor. Gene 85(2):321-8 PubMed
3) Nover, L; Scharf, KD; Gagliardi, D; Vergne, P; Czarnecka-Verner, E; Gurley, WB. 1996. The Hsf world: classification and properties of plant heat stress transcription factors. Cell Stress Chaperones 1(4):215-23 PubMed
4) Wu, C. 1995. Heat shock transcription factors: structure and regulation. Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 11:441-69 PubMed


Summary

Name: HSF
Class: TF
Number of species containing the TAP: 115
Number of available proteins: 2360

The colour code corresponds to the rules for the domains:

should be contained
should not be contained

Domain rules:


(Domain names are clickable)


Phylogenetic tree for Archeaplastida:

To view the tree click here.



TAP distribution:

The following table shows the distribution of HSF over all species included in TAPscan. The values for e.g. a specific kingdom are shown in the tree below if you expand the tree for that kingdom.

Minimum Maximum Average Median Standard deviation
010619.482016.07

List of species containing HSF sorted by kingdomcladesupergrouporderfamily:

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expand kingdom Archaeplastida (2396 proteins in 115 species)