|Bienz (2006):||PHD proteins seem to be found universally in the nucleus, and their functions tend to lie in the control of chromatin or transcription. Increasing evidence indicates that PHD fingers bind to specific nuclear protein partners, for which they apparently use their loop 2 surface. Perhaps each PHD finger has its own cognate nuclear ligand, much like RING fingers have their cognate E2 ligases. No doubt the list of specific PHD finger ligands will grow, and the set of these ligands is likely to reveal whether PHD fingers have a common function in the nucleus.|
|1)||Bienz, M. 2006. The PHD finger, a nuclear protein-interaction domain. Trends Biochem. Sci. 31(1):35-40 PubMed|
|2)||Lang, D; Weiche, B; Timmerhaus, G; Richardt, S; Riano-Pachon, DM; Correa, LG; Reski, R; Mueller-Roeber, B; Rensing, SA. 2010. Genome-wide phylogenetic comparative analysis of plant transcriptional regulation: a timeline of loss, gain, expansion, and correlation with complexity. Genome Biol Evol. 2: 488-503 PubMed|
|Number of species containing the TAP:||120|
|Number of available proteins:||3536|
The colour code corresponds to the rules for the domains:
should not be contained
(Domain names are clickable)
Phylogenetic tree for Archeaplastida:
To view the tree click here.
The following table shows the distribution of PHD over all species included in TAPscan. The values for e.g. a specific kingdom are shown in the tree below if you expand the tree for that kingdom.