|Tiwari et al. (2004):||Aux/IAA proteins are short-lived nuclear proteins that repress expression of primary/early auxin response genes in protoplast transfection assays. Repression is thought to result from Aux/IAA proteins dimerizing with auxin response factor (ARF) transcriptional activators that reside on auxin-responsive promoter elements, referred to as AuxREs. Most Aux/IAA proteins contain four conserved domains, designated domains I, II, III, and IV. Domain II and domains III and IV play roles in protein stability and dimerization, respectively. A clear function for domain I had not been established. Results reported here indicate that domain I in Aux/IAA proteins is an active repression domain that is transferable and dominant over activation domains. An LxLxL motif within domain I is important for conferring repression. The dominance of Aux/IAA repression domains over activation domains in ARF transcriptional activators provides a plausible explanation for the repression of auxin response genes via ARF-Aux/IAA dimerization on auxin-responsive promoters.|
|1)||Liscum, E; Reed, JW. 2002. Genetics of Aux/IAA and ARF action in plant growth and development. Plant Mol. Biol. 49(3-4):387-400 PubMed|
|2)||Tiwari, SB; Hagen, G; Guilfoyle, TJ. 2004. Aux/IAA proteins contain a potent transcriptional repression domain. Plant Cell 16(2):533-43 PubMed|
|3)||Tiwari, SB; Wang, XJ; Hagen, G; Guilfoyle, TJ. 2001. AUX/IAA proteins are active repressors, and their stability and activity are modulated by auxin. Plant Cell 13(12):2809-22 PubMed|
|Number of species containing the TAP:||97|
|Number of available proteins:||2821|
The colour code corresponds to the rules for the domains:
should not be contained
(Domain names are clickable)
Phylogenetic tree for Archeaplastida:
To view the tree click here.
The following table shows the distribution of Aux/IAA over all species included in TAPscan. The values for e.g. a specific kingdom are shown in the tree below if you expand the tree for that kingdom.